It is vital to know certain employment laws when developing a business. Below are ten laws that every businessman should be aware of when growing their business and adding more employees to their payroll.
1) Job Discrimination – The Civil Rights Act of 1964 forbids the discrimination of firing, hiring, or raising an employee’s wage based on their national origin, race, religion, or sex.
2) Family Leave – The Family and Medical Leave Act states that employees with at least a year at the company can take as many as 12 weeks each year of unpaid time while still keeping their job for the birth or adoption of a child and a sick spouse, child, or parent with a serious medical condition.
3) Minimum Wage and Overtime – The national minimum wage is set by the Fair Labor Standards Act. Overtime requires time-and-a-half pay for employees working more than 40 hours per week.
4) Disabilities Discrimination – The Americans with Disabilities Act forbids any type of discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities.
5) Age Discrimination – The Age Discrimination in Employment Act states that there is no room for discrimination against employees over the age of 40.
6) Gender Discrimination – The Equal Pay Act prohibits employers to pay male employees more than female employees with the same job responsibilities.
7) Pregnancy Discrimination – The Pregnancy Discrimination Act states that an employer may not discriminate against a woman going through pregnancy. This means that an employer is prohibited from firing, refusing a promotion, denying a job, or forcing the individual to leave based on her pregnancy.
8) Military Leave – The Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act keeps employers from discriminating against individuals who decide to volunteer for military duty. The same rules apply if they are called for military duty. If they return from service before 5 years, then an employee must reemploy them with the same or a similar position.
9) Immigration – The Immigration Reform and Control Act prohibits employees to hire immigrants who do not have their proper paperwork. All employees are required to complete I-9 Forms.
10) Workplace Safety – The Occupational Safety and Health Act contains a list of recognized hazards that an employer must make sure his place of business does not contain.